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Difference between revisions of "Filter block"

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* '''Axe-Fx III''': 4 blocks
 
* '''Axe-Fx III''': 4 blocks
 +
* '''FM3''': 4 blocks
 
* '''Axe-Fx II''': 4 blocks
 
* '''Axe-Fx II''': 4 blocks
 
* '''FX8''': 2 blocks
 
* '''FX8''': 2 blocks
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=Channels or X/Y switching=
 
=Channels or X/Y switching=
  
* '''Axe-Fx III''': 4 channels
+
* '''Axe-Fx III''' and '''FM3''': 4 channels
 
* '''Axe-Fx II''': no
 
* '''Axe-Fx II''': no
 
* '''AX8''': X/Y
 
* '''AX8''': X/Y
 
* '''FX8''': X/Y
 
* '''FX8''': X/Y
  
=When to use a filter=
+
=Purposes=
  
 
A filter is a very versatile effect. Possible applications include:
 
A filter is a very versatile effect. Possible applications include:
  
 
* one-band equalizer
 
* one-band equalizer
* boosting the input of an amp block
+
* boost the input of an amp block
* boosting the overall signal level (i.e. for leads)
+
* boost the overall signal level (i.e. for leads)
 
* high-pass or low-pass filtering
 
* high-pass or low-pass filtering
 
* envelope filter / auto-wah
 
* envelope filter / auto-wah
* finding the resonant frequency of your guitar cabinet
+
* find the resonant frequency of your guitar cabinet
 
* and more ...
 
* and more ...
  
=Filter types=
+
=Types=
 +
 
 +
==List of types==
 +
 
 +
# '''Null'''
 +
# '''Lowpass'''
 +
# '''Bandpass'''
 +
# '''Highpass'''
 +
# '''Lowshelf'''
 +
# '''Highshelf'''
 +
# '''Peaking'''
 +
# '''Notch'''
 +
# '''Tilt EQ'''
 +
# '''Lowshelf 2'''
 +
# '''Highshelf 2'''
 +
# '''Peaking 2'''
 +
# '''FF Comb'''
 +
# '''FB Comb'''
 +
# '''Allpass'''
 +
 
 +
==Allpass==
 +
 
 +
Added in Ares 12.01. This is a multi-stage “Phase Rotator” with feedback. With feedback set to zero it can be used to change the shape of transients. Using feedback causes constructive and destructive interference and can be used to create interesting tonalities. The Order can be set from 1 to 12 with progressively more phase rotation occurring. Attaching a modifier to the Frequency parameter can result in interesting chorus or wah effects. The red trace in the GUI is the phase response.
  
 
==Peaking 2==
 
==Peaking 2==
  
 
Many “classic” graphic equalizers use variable-Q designs which may be more familiar to some users as opposed to constant-Q filters. In the Filter block this type is selected by choosing “Peaking2 ”.
 
Many “classic” graphic equalizers use variable-Q designs which may be more familiar to some users as opposed to constant-Q filters. In the Filter block this type is selected by choosing “Peaking2 ”.
 +
 +
<blockquote>(about Peaking 1 and Peaking 2) "Peaking 2 is constant Q. At +/- 12 dB they are the same. At other gains the Peaking 2 will have a wider bandwidth as the Q does not change." [https://forum.fractalaudio.com/threads/axe-fx-iii-firmware-version-5-02.148983/page-14#post-1771602 source] </blockquote>
  
 
==Analog shelving EQ==
 
==Analog shelving EQ==
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|-
 
|-
 
! '''Parameter'''
 
! '''Parameter'''
! '''Axe-Fx III'''
+
! '''Axe-Fx III / FM3'''
 
! '''Axe-Fx II'''
 
! '''Axe-Fx II'''
! '''AX8, FX8'''
+
! '''AX8 / FX8'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Type
 
| Type
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! yes
 
! yes
 
!  
 
!  
 +
!
 +
|-
 +
| Phase Invert
 +
! yes
 +
!
 
!  
 
!  
 
|-
 
|-
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!  
 
!  
 
|-
 
|-
| Phase Invert
+
| Delay Time
 +
! yes
 +
!
 +
!
 +
|-
 +
| LFO Enable
 +
! yes
 +
!
 +
!
 +
|-
 +
| LFO Type
 +
! yes
 +
!
 +
!
 +
|-
 +
| LFO Rate
 +
! yes
 +
!
 +
!
 +
|-
 +
| LFO Duty
 +
! yes
 +
!
 +
!
 +
|-
 +
| LFO Quantize (firmware Ares 12 and later)
 
! yes
 
! yes
 +
!
 
!
 
!
 +
|-
 +
| Mod Freq
 +
! yes
 +
!
 
!  
 
!  
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
==LFO==
 +
 +
When enabled, the LFO will modulate the frequency of the filter between the Frequency and the Mod. Frequency. The local LFO simplifies modulated filtering and frees up the global LFOs for other tasks.
  
 
=Tips and tricks=
 
=Tips and tricks=
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==Envelope Filter (Auto Wah)==
 
==Envelope Filter (Auto Wah)==
  
Fractal Audio processors don't provide a dedicated Envelope Filter (Auto Wah) effect block. You can achieve this effect by attaching an Envelope to a Filter or Wah block parameter.
+
Fractal Audio processors don't provide an Auto Wah effect block. You can achieve this effect by attaching the Envelope controller to a Filter or a Wah block.
  
 
* [http://forum.fractalaudio.com/axe-fx-ii-wish-list/50092-envelope-filter.html example]
 
* [http://forum.fractalaudio.com/axe-fx-ii-wish-list/50092-envelope-filter.html example]
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* [http://axechange.fractalaudio.com/index.php Axe-Change]
 
* [http://axechange.fractalaudio.com/index.php Axe-Change]
  
Or try a factory preset such as the "Psychadelic Duck".
+
Or try a factory preset such as the Psychadelic Duck, Frenetica, Track Wah.
  
 
==80's rock guitar sound==
 
==80's rock guitar sound==
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<blockquote>"This was a common technique in the 80's when tracking. If you have an Axe-Fx or other modeler with EQ options you can try it yourself. Put an EQ or Filter block before the amp. A parametric is best. Set the type to Peaking, Frequency to 1 kHz and Q to around 1 and gain to around 6 dB to start. Experiment with the parameters." [http://www.thegearpage.net/board/showpost.php?p=19879230&postcount=54 source] </blockquote>
 
<blockquote>"This was a common technique in the 80's when tracking. If you have an Axe-Fx or other modeler with EQ options you can try it yourself. Put an EQ or Filter block before the amp. A parametric is best. Set the type to Peaking, Frequency to 1 kHz and Q to around 1 and gain to around 6 dB to start. Experiment with the parameters." [http://www.thegearpage.net/board/showpost.php?p=19879230&postcount=54 source] </blockquote>
  
The Axe-Fx III lets you obtain the same result using Pre EQ in the Amp block.
+
The Axe-Fx III and FM3 let you obtain the same result using Pre EQ in the [[Amp block]].
  
 
==Eric Clapton's mid-boost==
 
==Eric Clapton's mid-boost==
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==Finding the resonant frequency of a guitar cabinet==
 
==Finding the resonant frequency of a guitar cabinet==
  
[[Connections_and_levels#Finding_the_resonant_frequency_with_a_solid-state_amplifier|Read this]]
+
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Finding_the_resonant_frequency_with_a_solid-state_amplifier|Finding the resonant frequency with a solid-state amplifier]]
  
 
==Alternative to Boost in the Amp block==
 
==Alternative to Boost in the Amp block==
  
The Boost parameter in the Amp block boosts the signal at the input of the Amp block with 12 dB. If you rather have an adjustable boost, use a Filter block before the Amp block, set to "Null", with Level at the desired value.
+
The Boost parameter in the [[Amp block]] boosts the signal at the input of the Amp block with 12 dB. If you rather have an adjustable boost, use a Filter block before the Amp block, set to "Null", with Level at the desired value.
  
 
==Boston / Rockman sound==
 
==Boston / Rockman sound==
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[[category:Axe-Fx2]]
 
[[category:Axe-Fx2]]
 
[[category:Axe-Fx3]]
 
[[category:Axe-Fx3]]
 +
[[category:FM3]]
 
[[category:AX8]]
 
[[category:AX8]]
 
[[category:FX8]]
 
[[category:FX8]]
 
[[category:Sounds]]
 
[[category:Sounds]]

Revision as of 07:34, 12 February 2020

Available on which products

  • Axe-Fx III: 4 blocks
  • FM3: 4 blocks
  • Axe-Fx II: 4 blocks
  • FX8: 2 blocks
  • AX8: 2 blocks

Channels or X/Y switching

  • Axe-Fx III and FM3: 4 channels
  • Axe-Fx II: no
  • AX8: X/Y
  • FX8: X/Y

Purposes

A filter is a very versatile effect. Possible applications include:

  • one-band equalizer
  • boost the input of an amp block
  • boost the overall signal level (i.e. for leads)
  • high-pass or low-pass filtering
  • envelope filter / auto-wah
  • find the resonant frequency of your guitar cabinet
  • and more ...

Types

List of types

  1. Null
  2. Lowpass
  3. Bandpass
  4. Highpass
  5. Lowshelf
  6. Highshelf
  7. Peaking
  8. Notch
  9. Tilt EQ
  10. Lowshelf 2
  11. Highshelf 2
  12. Peaking 2
  13. FF Comb
  14. FB Comb
  15. Allpass

Allpass

Added in Ares 12.01. This is a multi-stage “Phase Rotator” with feedback. With feedback set to zero it can be used to change the shape of transients. Using feedback causes constructive and destructive interference and can be used to create interesting tonalities. The Order can be set from 1 to 12 with progressively more phase rotation occurring. Attaching a modifier to the Frequency parameter can result in interesting chorus or wah effects. The red trace in the GUI is the phase response.

Peaking 2

Many “classic” graphic equalizers use variable-Q designs which may be more familiar to some users as opposed to constant-Q filters. In the Filter block this type is selected by choosing “Peaking2 ”.

(about Peaking 1 and Peaking 2) "Peaking 2 is constant Q. At +/- 12 dB they are the same. At other gains the Peaking 2 will have a wider bandwidth as the Q does not change." source

Analog shelving EQ

“Lowshelf 2” and “Highshelf 2” recreate the analog shelving filters found on classic mixing consoles. These filters are somewhat quirky and exhibit “overshoot” which gives them a certain musical quality. Set Q between 0.5 and 0.707 to recreate those classic sounds, or experiment with Q for different amounts of overshoot. These filter types are great for getting that massive sound associated with passive equalization.

Tilt EQ

Tilt EQ is a slope filter that allows broad adjustment of the tone using just two parameters: Frequency and Gain. The Gain parameter sets the maximum gain of the filter relative to the center frequency. For example, a gain of 10 dB would set the maximum gain to 10 dB. The gain at the center frequency would be 0 dB and the minimum gain would be -10 dB, therefore a total of 20 dB of EQ would be applied.

Notch

"Gain doesn't apply to a notch filter. Only frequency and Q are relevant." source

FF Comb and FB Comb

FF Comb is a feed-forward comb filter and FB Comb is a feedback comb filter. Delay Time controls the order of the comb filters, higher values result in more closely spaced notches and vice-versa. Depth controls the intensity of the filter, higher values result in deeper notches/peaks and vice-versa.

Parameters

Parameter Axe-Fx III / FM3 Axe-Fx II AX8 / FX8
Type yes
Frequency yes
Order yes
Q yes
Gain yes
Low Cut, High Cut yes
Pan L, Pan R yes
Delay Time yes
Phase Invert yes
Depth yes
Delay Time yes
LFO Enable yes
LFO Type yes
LFO Rate yes
LFO Duty yes
LFO Quantize (firmware Ares 12 and later) yes
Mod Freq yes

LFO

When enabled, the LFO will modulate the frequency of the filter between the Frequency and the Mod. Frequency. The local LFO simplifies modulated filtering and frees up the global LFOs for other tasks.

Tips and tricks

Envelope Filter (Auto Wah)

Fractal Audio processors don't provide an Auto Wah effect block. You can achieve this effect by attaching the Envelope controller to a Filter or a Wah block.

Or try a factory preset such as the Psychadelic Duck, Frenetica, Track Wah.

80's rock guitar sound

"This was a common technique in the 80's when tracking. If you have an Axe-Fx or other modeler with EQ options you can try it yourself. Put an EQ or Filter block before the amp. A parametric is best. Set the type to Peaking, Frequency to 1 kHz and Q to around 1 and gain to around 6 dB to start. Experiment with the parameters." source

The Axe-Fx III and FM3 let you obtain the same result using Pre EQ in the Amp block.

Eric Clapton's mid-boost

To emulate Eric Clapton's mid-boost knob on his guitars:

"Use the Filter block. Since the max boost is 25 dB set the filter order to 4th which will give you a maximum of 24 dB. Set the type to Peaking. Set freq to 500 Hz. Vary gain and Q to taste." source

Clean boost

Set the Filter to "Null", set its Level to where you like it, put it at the end of the signal chain, and assign a switch. Now you have a simple, low-CPU, clean boost at your disposal.

Finding the resonant frequency of a guitar cabinet

Read this: Finding the resonant frequency with a solid-state amplifier

Alternative to Boost in the Amp block

The Boost parameter in the Amp block boosts the signal at the input of the Amp block with 12 dB. If you rather have an adjustable boost, use a Filter block before the Amp block, set to "Null", with Level at the desired value.

Boston / Rockman sound

Put a Filter block in front of a Plexi amp model, select Peaking, set Frequency at around 800 Hz, Q at 0.707 and Gain at 12 dB. source

Boosting mids with FRFR amplification

A mid-boost can be help a guitar cut through the mix when using FRFR amplification.

Try a Filter at the end of the grid, select Peaking, Frequency at 770 hz, Q at 0.35, Gain between 2 and 4 dB.