Always consult the Owners Manuals first.
Note: the wiki is currently being updated with information about the FM3.
X-Load load box
- 1 About the X-Load LB-1
- 2 About the X-Load LB-2
- 3 Warnings!
- 4 How to use the X-Load LB-2
- 5 Controls on the X-Load LB-2
- 6 Connect a speaker or not
- 7 Size of the X-Load LB-2
- 8 More information about the X-Load LB-2
About the X-Load LB-1
The LB-1 has not been released.
"The LB-1 will be a load box with integrated IR player." source
"There are two models. The LB-1 is a full-featured product that includes stereo IR processing plus effects and a whole lot more (I don't want to spill the beans yet)." source
About the X-Load LB-2
"The LB-2 is a passive load box that replicates the complex impedance of a guitar loudspeaker. It features our Dynamic Impedance Technology, which delivers unprecedented realism by dynamically changing the impedence of the load depending on the power levels of the connected amplifier."
"The X-Load LB-2 Load Box represents the pinnacle of speaker emulation technology for live use or recording. It allows you to use a traditional tube amp without connecting a speaker cabinet. The X-Load LB-2 provides an 8Ω load (100W maximum) while outputting a balanced or unbalanced line level signal.
Unlike other load boxes and attenuators the X-Load LB-2 uses Fractal Audio Systems' Dynamic Impedance technology to create a level of realism never achievable before. Record your amp in its sweet spot without deafening volume, or get great tone consistently without the hassles of a speaker cab and microphone setup.
It is important to note that the X-Load LB-2 does NOT simulate the characteristic sound of a loudspeaker. This is done by routing your DI Amp signal through speaker simulation hardware—like that found in our award-winning Axe-Fx or AX8 products—or software, like our Cab-Lab application/plugin.
The X-Load LB-2 features a Speaker Thru jack so you can connect a real speaker while also feeding line signal to a recorder or speaker simulator.The Voicing switch shifts the resonance of the load. The “UK” setting is characteristic of the typical British guitar speaker, while the “US” position replicate the lower resonance of a typical American guitar speakers.”
"The idea is that you use this with any of our products that have cab modeling (Axe-Fx, AX-8, Cab-Lab). Some people refuse to use modelers so this is a product for them." source
"The load itself uses proprietary, custom-designed magnetics that mimic the dynamic impedance of an actual loudspeaker. I've been testing the passive version and it sounds much better than any other loadbox I've tried. No high end loss and nice, chunky bass response." source
"The impedance of our load actually resembles a real speaker. The same can't be said about some of the other so-called "reactive loads". Furthermore I've developed proprietary magnetics technology so the impedance changes with applied voltage, like a real speaker does. Most importantly though, it sounds really good. I'd go so far to say it sounds better than when I use my iso cab as a load.” source
"A real speaker resembles a 4th-order network, at a minimum. Our load is 4th-order." source
"It's just a load box. There are several others on the market: Suhr, Torpedo Captor, etc. Ours sounds really good. I haven't tried the others so I can't comment but Suhr makes good stuff so I don't doubt their's sounds good. You can use the load box with any product that does speaker emulation including our Axe-Fx, AX-8 and Cab-Lab products or other products (like plug-ins) allowing you to record your favorite amp without the noise and hassles of micing a speaker. Furthermore this allows you to record a DI that you can reprocess later using different IRs. While the frequency response of a speaker to a voltage excitation is very linear and can be accurately captured by an IR, the various parameters of a speaker change with applied power. First of all the voice coil heats up and as a result it's resistance increases . Secondly the equivalent inductance of the voice coil and the resonance frequency of the speaker change with excursion (see Dodd, Klippel, et. al.). Our load recreates these parameter changes that occur with excitation level using proprietary magnetic components (not magnets) which are made in USA." source
"The LB-2 is about 50/50 foreign and domestic content." source
"There's no point in using a load box with a SS amp." source
"A LOT of current flows out of a tube amp. Under normal conditions that current goes into the speaker and returns to the amp since the speaker isn't grounded. A poorly designed loadbox will allow some of that current to return on a different path." source
"Load boxes can do all sorts of strange things due to the creation of feedback loops and such. I struggled with this with the LB-2. It took six iterations to get it right. source
"You should use a Suhr RL or an LB-2 though. Much more accurate impedance curves. The Two Notes (and the UA OX) don't use inductors for the low-frequency response so there's no low-frequency resonance. Instead the impedance curve has a "bathtub" shape. With the inductor you get a true low-frequency resonance but that inductor is big, heavy and expensive." source
WARNING: The LB-2 is an 8 ohm device. Be sure to connect its Amp In jack to the proper output on your amplifier to avoid damage. Mismatching impedance can result in damage to your amp!
WARNING: The maximum power rating of the LB-2 is 100W.
(when using the LB-2 with a 120W amp) "It's only 120W if you turn the master volume up high. If you keep the MV at reasonable settings then it would be fine." source
How to use the X-Load LB-2
As a silent load box and DI
- Connect your amplifier’s 8-ohm output to the Amp In jack at the rear of the LB-2.
- Connect either the Unbalanced or Balanced DI output to your audio interface or hardware cabinet emulator.
"If you use the load box as a load box then you would set the amp's impedance to 8 ohms to match the impedance of the load box." source
"The LB-2 has become an indispensable tool in our modeling process. It's impedance accuracy is unmatched and it it exhibits very similar dynamic behavior to a real speaker. It also works extremely well as a DI, better than most, if not all, dedicated DI boxes I've tried." source
"One setup I use is Guitar -> Axe-Fx III -> Amp (via Output 4) -> X-Load -> Axe-Fx III (via Input 4). This allows you to put Drive blocks before the amp and effects after." source
As a DI with a guitar speaker
- Connect your amplifier’s speaker output to the Amp In jack at the rear of the LB-2.
- Connect a speaker to the rear panel Speaker Thru jack.
- Connect either the Unbalanced or Balanced DI output to your audio interface or hardware cabinet emulator.
"The DI quality of the LB-2 is better than any of the speaker level DI's I've tested. Most of them have poor low frequency response." source
As an attenuator
The LB-2 can be used to reduce the volume of your amp by diverting half the power into its load.
- Connect one 4 ohm output of your amp to an 8-ohm speaker
- Connect the other 4 ohm output to the LB-2 Amp In jack
This will present two 8-ohm loads in parallel to your amp, which is equivalent to a 4-ohm load. Half of your amp’s output power will go the speaker, and the other half into the LB-2 reducing the volume of your amp by 6 dB. You can also use the DI features of the LB-2 in this configuration.
“You can use our reactive load as an attenuator by running your amp at 4 ohms. Plug your speaker into one jack and the load into the other. Half the amp's power will go to the speaker and the other half to the load. Not a huge reduction in volume but might tame things enough so you don't piss of your neighbor/wife/GF/mother-in-law/etc.” source
The X-Load can be used with IR Capture.
Controls on the X-Load LB-2
DI LEVEL – This controls the DI output volume of the LB-2 at both the Unbalanced 1/4” and Balanced XLR jacks. Set this knob as required so as not to overdrive the input of a device connected to the DI Output of the LB-2.
VOICING – A tube amp interacts differently with different types of speakers. The voicing switch of the LB-2 changes the resonance of its load to simulate this.
- UK – Simulates a classic British guitar speaker: 4x12 with greenbacks
- US – Lowers the resonance frequency to replicate the experience of playing through a classic American guitar speaker: 1x12 with a Jensen
These voicings are also available as speaker impedance curves in firmware Ares 11 and later for the Axe-Fx III and FM3.
"The X-Load is equivalent to setting the LF Resonance to about 4. With the Voicing switch set to UK the LF Resonant Frequency is about 100, with it set to US it's around 70." source
"The UK voicing is based on a 4x12 with greenbacks. The US voicing is based on a 1x12 with a Jensen." source
"The LB-2 is roughly equivalent to a LF Res. Frequency of 100 Hz, Q of 1.6 and LF Resonance of 4.0. With the voicing switch in the US position the frequency changes to about 70 and the resonance increases to about 5. Due to tolerances the frequency can vary +/- 10%." source
AMP IN – Connect the speaker output of your tube amp to this jack. The X-Load LB-2 is an 8-ohm (8Ω) device with a maximum power rating of 100W.
SPEAKER THRU – Connecting a speaker to this output jack disconnects the internal load and connects the Amp In jack to the speaker instead. The DI output will still be active, so you can simultaneously record or process the DI signal while using your amp with a real speaker.
UNBALANCED DI/LINE OUTPUT (1/4”) – This passive DI output provides a line-level signal.
BALANCED DI/LINE OUTPUT (XLR) – This active DI output provides a line level signal. For long cable lengths and maximum delity the XLR output is preferred as it provides a low- impedance output and immunity to noise conduction. This output requires that the X-Load LB-2 be powered in one of two ways:
- Connect an external power supply to the power input jack of the X-Load LB-2. Use a 9–24 VDC, center negative power supply (as typically used with “stomp boxes”), or
- Supply phantom power via the connected XLR cable
GROUND LIFT – This switch disconnects the ground of the X-Load LB-2 from the ground of the XLR output. This may help in breaking noisy ground loops.
WARNING: Never connect Speaker Thru to any mic, instrument or line-level inputs!
"If your XLR has phantom power you don't need a wall-wart. The active outputs provide a low-impedance buffered output without the coloration (and cost) of a transformer." source
Connect a speaker or not
Because it's a load box, the LB-2 can be used WITH or WITHOUT a connected speaker. This allows you to use a speaker simulator for recording or front-of-house, while operating either silently or at normal levels.
The LB-2 does NOT emulate the sound of a loudspeaker. It outputs a line-level version of the signal your amplifier normally sends to a connected speaker. This must be processed to sound as if it has been through a speaker and microphone, typically using software like Cab-Lab or a hardware solution like the Axe-Fx II or III, AX8, or 3rd-party “speaker simulator” products.
Size of the X-Load LB-2
”10.15 W x 8.26 D x 3.6 H inches (including feet which are 0.53").” source
More information about the X-Load LB-2