Always consult the official Owners Manuals and Guides first.
Information about the FM3 may be incomplete or wrong, it's being worked on.

Difference between revisions of "I/O menu"

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(If I/O menu parameters won’t stick)
(Input 1 Gain)
 
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=I/O parameters=
 
=I/O parameters=
  
<font color=red>FM3 info to be added @@</font>
+
==A/D Input Levels / Input Pad==
 
 
==A/D Input Levels==
 
  
 
Applies to:
 
Applies to:
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* Axe-Fx III
 +
* FM3
 +
* FX8
 +
* AX8
  
 
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Main_input_level|Input Level]]
 
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Main_input_level|Input Level]]
 +
 +
==Input 1 Gain==
 +
 +
Firmware Ares 12.12 and later (Axe-Fx III).
 +
 +
This allows trimming Input 1's gain to adjust for variations in guitar output level, without having to adjust each preset. Similar to the global Amp Gain parameter in the Axe-Fx II.
  
 
==Word Clock==
 
==Word Clock==
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* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx III: selects Output 1, Output 2, Input 1 or USB 7+8
 
* Axe-Fx III: selects Output 1, Output 2, Input 1 or USB 7+8
* FM3: selects between Output 1 and Output 2
+
* FM3: selects between Output 1, Output 2 or Input 2 as source for SPDIF output (AES not supported)
  
 
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Digital_I.2FO|Digital I/O]]
 
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Digital_I.2FO|Digital I/O]]
 +
 +
==USB Output 3,4 Record Source==
 +
 +
Applies to:
 +
* FM3
 +
 +
Select Input 1 or 2 as the source for computer inputs 3 and 4.
 +
 +
Read this: [[USB]]
 +
 +
==USB 3,4 Playback Destination==
 +
 +
Applies to:
 +
* FM3
 +
 +
Select Input 1 or Output 2 as the destination for computer outputs 3 and 4.
  
 
==USB Output 7.8 Source==
 
==USB Output 7.8 Source==
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* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* Axe-Fx III
 +
* FM3
  
 
Lets you select the source of input 1: ANALOG (default, instrument input), SPDIF/AES or USB (Axe-Fx III: USB channels 5 and 6).
 
Lets you select the source of input 1: ANALOG (default, instrument input), SPDIF/AES or USB (Axe-Fx III: USB channels 5 and 6).
 +
 +
On the FM3 this lets you select between ANALOG and USB channels 3 and 4.
  
 
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Connecting_instruments_and_other_devices|Connecting instruments and other devices]]
 
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Connecting_instruments_and_other_devices|Connecting instruments and other devices]]
Line 81: Line 107:
 
* AX8
 
* AX8
 
* FX8
 
* FX8
 +
* FM3
  
When connecting a guitar to the front instrument input on the Axe-Fx II, set this parameter to LEFT ONLY (default). You'd only use SUM L+R or STEREO when connecting a stereo instrument to Input 1 (rear). Input 1 on the Axe-Fx III is always mono.
+
When connecting a guitar to the front instrument input on the Axe-Fx II, set this parameter to LEFT ONLY (default). You'd only use SUM L+R or STEREO when connecting a stereo instrument to Input 1 (rear). Input 1 front on the Axe-Fx III is always mono.
  
 
IMPORTANT: do not select SUM L+R or STEREO when using only the Left input. This may introduce noise (from the disconnected Right input) and attenuates the signal level (6 dB).
 
IMPORTANT: do not select SUM L+R or STEREO when using only the Left input. This may introduce noise (from the disconnected Right input) and attenuates the signal level (6 dB).
  
Input 2 Mode controls the same thing for Input 2 on the Axe-Fx II, AX8 and FX8.
+
Input 2 Mode controls the same thing for Input 2 on the FM3, Axe-Fx II, AX8 and FX8.
  
 
Additionally, Input 3 Mode and Input 4 Mode control the same thing for inputs 3 and 4 on the Axe-Fx III.
 
Additionally, Input 3 Mode and Input 4 Mode control the same thing for inputs 3 and 4 on the Axe-Fx III.
 +
 +
The "USB" setting is meant fo reamping a DI signal through USB.
  
 
Read this: [[Connections and levels]]
 
Read this: [[Connections and levels]]
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* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* Axe-Fx III
 +
* FM3
 
* AX8
 
* AX8
 
* FX8
 
* FX8
Line 103: Line 133:
  
 
Read this:
 
Read this:
* [[Mono versus stereo]]
+
* [[Mono and stereo]]
 
* [[Connections and levels]]
 
* [[Connections and levels]]
  
Line 110: Line 140:
 
Applies to:
 
Applies to:
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* Axe-Fx III
 +
* FM3
 
* AX8
 
* AX8
 
* FX8
 
* FX8
Line 115: Line 146:
 
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Main_output_level|Output Level]]
 
Read this: [[Connections_and_levels#Main_output_level|Output Level]]
  
Set IN 2 Nominal Level to -10dB (default) when connecting the input to the output of a guitar or stomp box. Use +4dB when it connects to the output of a pro level device.
+
Set to -10dB (default on Axe-Fx III and FM3) when connecting the input to the output of a guitar or stomp box. Use +4dB when it connects to the output of a pro level device.
 
 
Set OUT (Main) Nominal Level to +4dB (default on Axe-Fx II and AX8) when connecting the outputs to a mixing console or line-level input on pro audio device. Use -10dB if the output connects to a traditional amplifier or pedal.
 
  
<font color=red>Reminder: the III defaults to -10 dB nominal output level, so its output level is lower than the II and the AX8.</font>
+
<font color=red>Note: the III and FM3 default to -10 dB nominal output level, so its output level is lower than the II and the AX8.</font>
  
 
<blockquote>(Axe-Fx III) "The default Output Level for Output 1 and 2 is -10 dBv. This was done to reduce the number of support cases due to people overloading the inputs on consumer-grade interfaces, mixers, etc. (IOW cheap stuff). Most professional gear runs at +4 dBu so if using a pro-grade interface, mixer, etc. you may want to go into the Global menu and change the level to +4 dBu." [http://forum.fractalaudio.com/threads/output-level.136991/ source] </blockquote>
 
<blockquote>(Axe-Fx III) "The default Output Level for Output 1 and 2 is -10 dBv. This was done to reduce the number of support cases due to people overloading the inputs on consumer-grade interfaces, mixers, etc. (IOW cheap stuff). Most professional gear runs at +4 dBu so if using a pro-grade interface, mixer, etc. you may want to go into the Global menu and change the level to +4 dBu." [http://forum.fractalaudio.com/threads/output-level.136991/ source] </blockquote>
Line 131: Line 160:
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* AX8
 
* AX8
 +
* FM3
  
The Boost/Pad parameter optimizes the output level and reduces noise in certain scenarios, such as a 4CM setup (Four Cable Method) or when placing the device in front of a traditional amp.
+
The Boost/Pad parameter optimizes the signal level to reduce noise in certain scenarios, such as a 4CM setup (Four Cable Method), when placing the device in front of a traditional amp, or when integrating an external pedal.
  
 
When putting the Axe-Fx II or III (Output 3 or 4) in front of a real amp, maximize Boost/Pad to make sure the full range of the D/A converter is used.
 
When putting the Axe-Fx II or III (Output 3 or 4) in front of a real amp, maximize Boost/Pad to make sure the full range of the D/A converter is used.
  
On the Axe-Fx III, Boost/Pad is not available on Outputs 1 and 2.
+
On the Axe-Fx III Boost/Pad is not available on I/O 1 and 2. On the Axe-Fx III Boost/Pad is not available on I/O 1.
  
 
When using a 4CM setup: increase Boost/Pad and prevent clipping. Turn OUT on the front panel fully open for unity gain. Use Input Level IN I/O to finetune the signal level.
 
When using a 4CM setup: increase Boost/Pad and prevent clipping. Turn OUT on the front panel fully open for unity gain. Use Input Level IN I/O to finetune the signal level.
Line 149: Line 179:
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* Axe-Fx III
 +
* FM3
 
* AX8
 
* AX8
  
 
This lets you invert the phase of the signal, if necessary.
 
This lets you invert the phase of the signal, if necessary.
  
==Copy Output 1 to .. / Output 2 Echo (for Output 2)==
+
==Copy Output 1 to .. / Output 2 Echo/Copy (for Output 2)==
  
 
Applies to:
 
Applies to:
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* Axe-Fx III
 +
* FM3
 
* AX8
 
* AX8
  
Line 163: Line 195:
  
 
'''Axe-Fx III''':
 
'''Axe-Fx III''':
* On: when set to ON, a copy of the Output 1 signal is sent to Output 2, UNLESS the preset contains an Output 2 block
+
* On: when set to ON, a copy of the Output 1 signal (excluding incoming USB audio) is sent to Output 2, UNLESS the preset contains an Output 2 block
 
* Off: when set to OFF, the Output 2 block controls the output
 
* Off: when set to OFF, the Output 2 block controls the output
 +
 +
'''FM3''':
 +
* Input 1
 +
* Output 1 (excluding incoming USB audio)
 +
* None
 +
 +
If the preset contains an Output 2 block, this parameter is ignored.
  
 
'''Axe-Fx II''':
 
'''Axe-Fx II''':
 
* None
 
* None
* Output 1: Output 2 sends an exact copy of the Output 1 signal, UNLESS the preset contains an FX Loop block
+
* Output 1: Output 2 sends an exact copy of the Output 1 signal (excluding incoming USB audio), UNLESS the preset contains an FX Loop block
 
* Input 1: Output 2 sends an exact copy of the direct input signal (unprocessed). This sends a DI signal through Output 2, UNLESS the preset contains an FX Loop block
 
* Input 1: Output 2 sends an exact copy of the direct input signal (unprocessed). This sends a DI signal through Output 2, UNLESS the preset contains an FX Loop block
  
Line 180: Line 219:
 
This setting only works if the preset doesn't contain an Output 3 block or Output 4 block.
 
This setting only works if the preset doesn't contain an Output 3 block or Output 4 block.
  
==USB Input .. Level==
+
==USB (Input) .. Level==
  
 
Applies to:
 
Applies to:
 
* Axe-Fx III
 
* Axe-Fx III
 +
* FM3
 
* Axe-Fx II
 
* Axe-Fx II
 +
 +
Adjusts USB playback level. Normally you would set computer audio playback levels in the computer, but these controls are handy when you need a boost or cut.
  
 
Adjust if necessary when using [[Connections_and_levels#Digital_I.2FO|USB Audio]].
 
Adjust if necessary when using [[Connections_and_levels#Digital_I.2FO|USB Audio]].
Line 231: Line 273:
  
 
'''AX8:'''
 
'''AX8:'''
 +
 
[[Reset_system_parameters#Why_does_the_AX8_automatically_reset_its_system_parameters|Read this if your AX8 seems to lose its system settings]]
 
[[Reset_system_parameters#Why_does_the_AX8_automatically_reset_its_system_parameters|Read this if your AX8 seems to lose its system settings]]
  
Line 236: Line 279:
  
 
<blockquote>"The Axe-Fx III uses a battery for system data backup. Whenever the user changes any global data that data is flushed to battery-backed storage. We use battery-backed SRAM instead of EEPROM or FLASH because it's very fast and unlimited endurance. EEPROM is very slow and there's a risk that the user turns the power off before the flush is finished. FLASH has limited endurance (as well as being slower the SRAM) and there's a risk of wear-out. The battery should last 10 years under normal conditions and is user replaceable." [https://www.thegearpage.net/board/index.php?threads/everything-wrong-with-the-axefxiii.2098509/page-8#post-29581444 source]</blockquote>
 
<blockquote>"The Axe-Fx III uses a battery for system data backup. Whenever the user changes any global data that data is flushed to battery-backed storage. We use battery-backed SRAM instead of EEPROM or FLASH because it's very fast and unlimited endurance. EEPROM is very slow and there's a risk that the user turns the power off before the flush is finished. FLASH has limited endurance (as well as being slower the SRAM) and there's a risk of wear-out. The battery should last 10 years under normal conditions and is user replaceable." [https://www.thegearpage.net/board/index.php?threads/everything-wrong-with-the-axefxiii.2098509/page-8#post-29581444 source]</blockquote>
 +
 +
'''FM3:'''
 +
<blockquote>"The FM-3 doesn't have a battery. It uses EEPROM for system data." [https://forum.fractalaudio.com/threads/fm3-wont-save-settings.160615/post-1923380 source]</blockquote>
  
 
[[category:Axe-Fx2]]
 
[[category:Axe-Fx2]]

Latest revision as of 07:01, 21 July 2020

XLR.jpg

I/O parameters

A/D Input Levels / Input Pad

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III
  • FM3
  • FX8
  • AX8

Read this: Input Level

Input 1 Gain

Firmware Ares 12.12 and later (Axe-Fx III).

This allows trimming Input 1's gain to adjust for variations in guitar output level, without having to adjust each preset. Similar to the global Amp Gain parameter in the Axe-Fx II.

Word Clock

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III

Read this: Word Clock

SPDIF/AES Select

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx III

Read this: Digital I/O

SPDIF/AES Out Source

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III: selects Output 1, Output 2, Input 1 or USB 7+8
  • FM3: selects between Output 1, Output 2 or Input 2 as source for SPDIF output (AES not supported)

Read this: Digital I/O

USB Output 3,4 Record Source

Applies to:

  • FM3

Select Input 1 or 2 as the source for computer inputs 3 and 4.

Read this: USB

USB 3,4 Playback Destination

Applies to:

  • FM3

Select Input 1 or Output 2 as the destination for computer outputs 3 and 4.

USB Output 7.8 Source

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx III

Select Input 2, 3 or 4 as the source for USB outputs 7 and 8.

Read this: USB

USB Buffer Size

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III

Read this: USB

USB Output Mapping

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx III

This allows routing USB channels 1,2 to Output 1 or Output 2 and channels 3,4 to Output 2 or Output 1.

This provides a way to route the computer's system audio, entering the processor, to Output 2 instead of Output 1.

Input 1 Source / Main Input Source

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III
  • FM3

Lets you select the source of input 1: ANALOG (default, instrument input), SPDIF/AES or USB (Axe-Fx III: USB channels 5 and 6).

On the FM3 this lets you select between ANALOG and USB channels 3 and 4.

Read this: Connecting instruments and other devices

Input .. Mode

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III
  • AX8
  • FX8
  • FM3

When connecting a guitar to the front instrument input on the Axe-Fx II, set this parameter to LEFT ONLY (default). You'd only use SUM L+R or STEREO when connecting a stereo instrument to Input 1 (rear). Input 1 front on the Axe-Fx III is always mono.

IMPORTANT: do not select SUM L+R or STEREO when using only the Left input. This may introduce noise (from the disconnected Right input) and attenuates the signal level (6 dB).

Input 2 Mode controls the same thing for Input 2 on the FM3, Axe-Fx II, AX8 and FX8.

Additionally, Input 3 Mode and Input 4 Mode control the same thing for inputs 3 and 4 on the Axe-Fx III.

The "USB" setting is meant fo reamping a DI signal through USB.

Read this: Connections and levels

Output .. Mode

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III
  • FM3
  • AX8
  • FX8

This determines if the output signal is stereo, or one of the two mono modes: Sum L+R or Copy L>R.

Read this:

Output .. Level / IN .. Nominal Level / OUT .. Nominal Level / Post Level

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx III
  • FM3
  • AX8
  • FX8

Read this: Output Level

Set to -10dB (default on Axe-Fx III and FM3) when connecting the input to the output of a guitar or stomp box. Use +4dB when it connects to the output of a pro level device.

Note: the III and FM3 default to -10 dB nominal output level, so its output level is lower than the II and the AX8.

(Axe-Fx III) "The default Output Level for Output 1 and 2 is -10 dBv. This was done to reduce the number of support cases due to people overloading the inputs on consumer-grade interfaces, mixers, etc. (IOW cheap stuff). Most professional gear runs at +4 dBu so if using a pro-grade interface, mixer, etc. you may want to go into the Global menu and change the level to +4 dBu." source

FX8 — The POST LEVEL parameter switches the FX8 between +4dB (default) and -10dB. Use +4dB if the unit connects to a line-level port on another device. Use -10dB if the unit connects to a guitar amplifier's instrument input or a pedal. If you're using the FX8 in a Four Cable Method (4CM) setup, and you're experiencing hiss, try switching to another Post Level value. Note that some users report that the FX8 needs a reboot after changing the value before the changed value takes effect. source

Output .. Boost/Pad

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III
  • AX8
  • FM3

The Boost/Pad parameter optimizes the signal level to reduce noise in certain scenarios, such as a 4CM setup (Four Cable Method), when placing the device in front of a traditional amp, or when integrating an external pedal.

When putting the Axe-Fx II or III (Output 3 or 4) in front of a real amp, maximize Boost/Pad to make sure the full range of the D/A converter is used.

On the Axe-Fx III Boost/Pad is not available on I/O 1 and 2. On the Axe-Fx III Boost/Pad is not available on I/O 1.

When using a 4CM setup: increase Boost/Pad and prevent clipping. Turn OUT on the front panel fully open for unity gain. Use Input Level IN I/O to finetune the signal level.

Boost/Pad is not intended for boosting USB output (although it does have that effect).

"Usually you will use this when you send the effect loop out before the amp block. The signal will be weak going to the D/A converters. This allows you to boost the signal to the D/A converters w/ maintaining the same output level." source

Output .. Phase

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III
  • FM3
  • AX8

This lets you invert the phase of the signal, if necessary.

Copy Output 1 to .. / Output 2 Echo/Copy (for Output 2)

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II
  • Axe-Fx III
  • FM3
  • AX8

This determines the signal that is sent from Output 2.

Axe-Fx III:

  • On: when set to ON, a copy of the Output 1 signal (excluding incoming USB audio) is sent to Output 2, UNLESS the preset contains an Output 2 block
  • Off: when set to OFF, the Output 2 block controls the output

FM3:

  • Input 1
  • Output 1 (excluding incoming USB audio)
  • None

If the preset contains an Output 2 block, this parameter is ignored.

Axe-Fx II:

  • None
  • Output 1: Output 2 sends an exact copy of the Output 1 signal (excluding incoming USB audio), UNLESS the preset contains an FX Loop block
  • Input 1: Output 2 sends an exact copy of the direct input signal (unprocessed). This sends a DI signal through Output 2, UNLESS the preset contains an FX Loop block

Copy Input 1 (for Output 3 and 4)

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx III

This determines whether a copy of Output 1 is sent through Output 3 or 4, for example for reamping. It's the same as connecting the Input 1 block to the Output 3/4 block.

This setting only works if the preset doesn't contain an Output 3 block or Output 4 block.

USB (Input) .. Level

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx III
  • FM3
  • Axe-Fx II

Adjusts USB playback level. Normally you would set computer audio playback levels in the computer, but these controls are handy when you need a boost or cut.

Adjust if necessary when using USB Audio.

AES/SPDIF Input Level

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx III

Adjust if necessary when using the AES or SPDIF ports.

Input 1 Left Select

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II

Input 1 is split: it appears at the front (mono) as well as on the rear (mono or stereo). This parameter tells the Axe-Fx II if the front input or the rear input is used to connect the instrument. Defaults to front.

The rear port has the same impedance as the front input (1 Mohm, for guitars) but it operates at LINE level instead of instrument level.

The front input does not disable Input 1 left at the rear. Use the menu to select either the front input or rear input. You can leave everything plugged in.

"Input 1 on the rear is a very high impedance input (1 Mohm). It is compatible with low impedance outputs. Most people don't understand the real meaning of impedance and think you need to connect low impedance to low impedance but that's only with passive devices and is a relic of the old days when transformers were used to get the best power transfer. Nowadays we have active inputs with very high impedance which are compatible with a broad range of source impedances." source

Output 1 (PRE) Headroom

Applies to:

  • FX8

This parameter supplies more headroom if the signal from Output 1 PRE is too hot. Downside is that the noise floor is increased. Default is 6 dB, for the least headroom and lowest noise floor. The increased headroom is offset by a corresponding but opposite adjustment internally, so “what you hear” remains the same at all settings. Maximum headroom is 18 dB.

USB/Digi Out Source

Applies to:

  • Axe-Fx II

This lets you determine the signal sent out through USB Audio, AES or SPDIF. Select Output 1, Output 2, or Input (which is the unprocessed DI signal).

Backup and restore I/O settings

A backup of the system settings, created with Fractal-Bot, contains all I/O menu settings.

If I/O menu parameters won’t stick

If adjusted parameters in the I/O menu are restored to their default values after powering off and on, there’s probably an issue with the internal battery. It’s exhausted or has come loose.

AX8:

Read this if your AX8 seems to lose its system settings

Axe-Fx III:

"The Axe-Fx III uses a battery for system data backup. Whenever the user changes any global data that data is flushed to battery-backed storage. We use battery-backed SRAM instead of EEPROM or FLASH because it's very fast and unlimited endurance. EEPROM is very slow and there's a risk that the user turns the power off before the flush is finished. FLASH has limited endurance (as well as being slower the SRAM) and there's a risk of wear-out. The battery should last 10 years under normal conditions and is user replaceable." source

FM3:

"The FM-3 doesn't have a battery. It uses EEPROM for system data." source