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Revision as of 16:41, 6 November 2018 by Yek (talk | contribs) (Min Phase and Auto Trim)
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What is Cab-Lab

Fractal Audio's Cab-Lab provides a software mixer and toolkit for IRs.

Product information: "Cab-Lab lets you combine up to 8 individual IRs, auditioning the results in real time as you mix, and saving the result as a new User Cab IR for use in your own presets. The totally new mixer in Cab-Lab 3 also goes beyond simple combining, with mix tools to process, trim, filter, and adjust phase. You can even listen in real time while you adjust faders, whether using the Standalone version and an audio interface (including the Axe-Fx II), or the Plugin version in your DAW to process live or pre-recorded material. The Standalone version also includes tools to help you capture, convert, and batch process IRs, making it an exceptionally valuable component of a complete IR workflow. Either way, Cab-Lab gives you the tools you need to create your own signature tones—and delivers results of the high quality you have come to expect from Fractal Audio Systems."

Cab-Lab is a commercial application and requires iLok activation before use.

More information:

Cab-Lab versions

Standalone – To be used with the Axe-Fx and AX8 and a computer.

Plugin – To be used in DAWs. Mac: 64-bit AU. Windows: 32-bit and 64-bit VST. The manual lists the differences between the standalone version and the plugin.

Cab-Lab 3 Lite – Stripped-down version, designed to allow users to easily convert IRs in WAV-format to .SYX, to send to an Axe-Fx or AX8.

Download free standalone Windows and Mac versions

The Cab block in the Axe-Fx III is a mini-version of Cab-Lab, providing the capability to mix and remix impulse responses on-the-fly, as you would with real mics on a speaker cabinet.

EZ Setup and Live Mode

EZ Setup – EZ Setup in the Standalone version makes it easy to audition impulse responses. It automatically sets the Cab block in the preset to one of the Cab block's Scratchpads and sends the mix to that Scratchpad. Handy alternative to Live Mode.

Live Mode – Live Mode lets you mix impulse responses and listen to them in real time on your computer or through the Axe-Fx or AX8, without using the Scratchpad. Select the audio input and output in Settings > Audio Settings. Make sure you have disabled the Cab block in the preset! To decrease latency, adjust Buffer Size in Advanced Settings.

Min Phase and Auto Trim

If desired, an IR can be manually or automatically adjusted.

Auto Trim – Makes certain that the wave starts at the correct position, by removing superfluous silence from the start. These days this isn't really necessary to apply on modern IRs. But it might come in handy when shooting your own IRs.

Min Phase – Verifies that the phase of the IR causes no issues, by time-aligning the IR. This is especially important when you mix multiple IRs and you don't want to align them manually in Cab-Lab or the DAW. All stock cabs are Min Phase to make them mix-compatible.

"If it's a cab IR the difference is basically nil because a speaker is a minimum-phase device. All minimum-phase does in this case is automatically remove the leading silence. A room IR is not minimum phase so you should not use MPT when processing a room IR." source
"The factory cabs are minimum phase for precisely the reason that mixing non-minimum phase leads to phase problems. Some people believe non-minimum phase sounds "better". I personally don't hear a significant difference (if any in many cases) to warrant all the inherent problems associated with non-minimum phase IRs. Furthermore guitar speakers are essentially minimum phase devices." source

De-Phase / Smoothing – Mitigates phasing issues.

When neither Min Phase or Trim has been applied, the impulse responses is considered "raw", containing the original phase details.

Mixing Ultra-Res impulse responses with .IR files

To mix Ultra-Res impulse responses in Cab-Lab, you need the .IR-version of an impulse response. This is a Fractal Audio proprietary format, targeted at mixing impulse responses.

Converting .WAV, .SYX and .IR-files

Many creators of impulse responses provide WAV files. These need to be converted to Fractal Audio's .SYX-format to be able to be used in the Axe-Fx and AX8. Cab-Lab provides a conversion batch routine, which you can apply to folders too. It works with mono WAV files only. The same applies to .IR files.

Renaming impulse responses

Cab-Lab can rename the internal name of impulse responses (the name that appears on the Axe-Fx, AX8, in the editor etc.). It can also rename impulse responses to match their filenames.

Capturing impulse responses with the Axe-Fx II or III

Read this: IR Capture.

IR Capture.png

Using Cab-Lab with a real amp

"Load your head with a load box, take the output of the load box into your computer and run the audio through Cab-Lab. I would recommend a reactive load box rather than a resistive one." source